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The shaman heals within the spiritual dimension by returning 'lost' parts of the human soul from wherever they have gone.
The shaman also enters supernatural realms or dimensions to obtain solutions to problems afflicting the community.
21st-century anthropologist and archeologist Silvia Tomaskova argues that by the mid-1600s, many Europeans applied the Arabic term shaitan, meaning "devil," to the non-Christian practices and beliefs of indigenous peoples beyond the Ural Mountains.
She suggests that shaman may have entered the various Tungus dialects as a corruption of this term, and then been told to Christian missionaries, explorers, soldiers and colonial administrators with whom the people had increasing contact for centuries.
Shamanism encompasses the premise that shamans are intermediaries or messengers between the human world and the spirit worlds.
Shamans are said to treat ailments/illness by mending the soul.
The term "shamanism" was first applied by Western anthropologists as outside observers of the ancient religion of the Turks and Mongols, as well as those of the neighbouring Tungusic and Samoyedic-speaking peoples.