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Two eastern Mediterranean peoples who did not embrace Islam were early Christians in upper Egypt, whom we now call Copts, and their neighbors to the south, the Ethiopians. Their years are divided into 12 months of 30 days each, and the extra five or six days are added after the twelfth month. Each of the thirty days as well as each of the gatha days has its own name.
Greek historian Diodorus Siculus wrote: "The approach to the Garden sloped like a hillside and the several parts of the structure rose from one another tier on tier... and was thickly planted with trees of every kind that, by their great size and other charm, gave pleasure to the beholder...During this period in Greece, for example, months that consisted of 30 days were considered to be "full;" those that lasted only 29 days were said to be "hollow." Months containing 30 days were also called "full" in Babylon, but those containing 29 were deemed to be "defective." After month lengths in the Celtic Calendar became fixed, those that had been given 30 days were termed "matos" (lucky) and those given 29 days "anmatos" (unlucky).This notion still exists today, months of 30 days in the Hebrew Calendar are called "full" and those with 29 are deemed to be "deficient." In addition to their declaring the beginning of each month based upon a sighting of the new moon, priest-astronomers were also charged with pinpointing the start of a year.Priest-astronomers were assigned the duty of declaring when a new month began it was usually said to have started at the first sighting of a new moon.Month length at that time was simply the number of days that passed from one new lunar crescent to the next.